MOBILITY for GROWTH 2014-2015

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Budget: €21,000,000
Deadline Date: 23-04-2015
Programme: Horizon 2020
MAX Co-funding rate: 100%
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International cooperation in aeronautics with China

Specific challenge: In order to leverage resources, mitigate risks and establish long term relationships, the European aeronautics sector should identify topics of common interest and mutual benefit with other regions of the world, in particular where these address societal challenges such as a worldwide safe and environmental-friendly air transport system, common standards (including for environmental aspects) and win-win situations for technological development. Aeronautics has inherently and increasingly an international dimension because almost all current aircraft programmes involve stakeholders from many different countries. Several areas of mutual interest with China have been identified through previous actions, such as the FP7 support actions GRAIN (EU-China) and IFARs (multinational aviation research forum).

Scope: For the coming years, coordinated research and innovation actions with China, involving the appropriate funding from both sides, should address one of the following specific areas of common interest between Europe and China:

–Innovative methods and numerical technologies for airframe and engine noise reduction. For achieving noise reduction goals of Europe’s ‘Flightpath 2050’, advanced technologies are needed to further reduce the noise of the airframe and the engines including installation effects. The aim is to investigate experimentally and numerically innovative control approaches, in order to uncover technologies with a potential of achieving next step reductions in airframe and engine noise. Research should focus on advanced methods for simulation of noise generation mechanisms in complex geometries, and the investigation of passive and active control strategies. This includes multidisciplinary optimisation methodologies, in support of the design of advanced control systems for noise reduction with the lowest impact on performance, weight and cost.

–Development of bio-sourced composite materials and environment-friendly multifunctional composites and structures for aeronautics applications. Current state-of-the-art composite materials used in aircraft production are mainly carbon-based. The next generation of aviation technologies should demonstrate significant progress towards global ambitious environmental targets. To achieve such targets, multifunctional bio-composite materials offer a significant potential and need to be further developed. Future joint research work should focus primarily on:

o Design and manufacturing of bio-sourced polymeric resins, reinforcing fibres and honeycomb papers for aeronautics applications.

o Application of bio-sourced composite materials for aircraft secondary structures and interior components.

o Process engineering and simulation of bio-sourced multi-functional composite materials including properties such as structure-electric conductivity, structure-fire retardant and structure-damping composites.

–Flow control and advanced numerical tools for physical modelling of unsteady flows of aircraft and its components. The overall aerodynamic efficiency of future aircraft and their component will provide a significant contribution to the specific CO2reduction of future aviation. Enhanced methods in numerical prediction and the use of high-performance computing (HPC) will contribute to faster and improved design processes. Research should focus on:

o The development or enhancement of high fidelity numerical analysis tools for the quantitative investigation of turbulent drag reduction technologies.

o The optimisation of algorithm efficiency and exploitation of high-performance computing (HPC).

o Investigation and choice of the most efficient strategies for e.g. active suppression of turbulent skin friction or control of high-speed flow separation.

o The flow control and turbulent mixing for turbomachinery applications.

–Enhanced additive manufacturing of metal components and resources efficient manufacturing processes for aerospace applications. The demand for material efficient and sustainable production processes require new advanced technologies for the aerospace industry. Technologies that offer substantial potential are:

o The current processes of Additive Manufacturing (AM) are promising, but still present building rates that are too low to be commercially viable for large components. The research should focus on modelling and simulation of the AM process of metal components, which can optimise the manufacturing process, decrease the cost and lead time, to improve quality and to accelerate the AM implementation in aerospace industries.

o Powder hot isostatic pressing (HIPping) using titanium is promising for manufacturing of aircraft structures. Here the influence of the variability in composition of Ti powders needs to be assessed. The capability to manufacture large HIPped Ti structures with required consistency and repeatability has to be further developed for future commercialised processes.

o The casting and welding of large titanium aerospace structures have been demonstrated, but they need to be enhanced for being compliant with industrial requirements such as dimensional accuracy and mechanical properties.

The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU between EUR 1.3 to 1.8 million would allow each specific area to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of other proposals requesting other amounts.

Expected impact: Actions will demonstrate their potential to mature the level of readiness of technologies and concepts, identify how the project results will be of mutual benefit and evaluate the leverage effect resulting from the coordinating research and innovation funding of EU and China.

Type of action: Research and Innovation Actions

International cooperation in aeronautics with Japan

Specific challenge: In order to leverage resources, mitigate risks and establish long term relationships, the European aeronautics sector should identify topics of common interest and mutual benefit with other regions of the world, in particular where these address societal challenges such as a worldwide safe and environmental-friendly air transport system, common standards (including for environmental aspects) and win-win situations for technological development. Aeronautics has inherently and increasingly an international dimension because almost all current aircraft programmes involve stakeholders from many different countries. Several areas of mutual interest with Japan have been identified through previous actions, such as the FP7 support actions SUNJET (EU-Japan) and IFARs (multinational aviation research forum). For the coming years, actions are called in the two following domains with Japan:

1. To establish or deepen links with countries, building on previously established cooperation where relevant, with the aim to identify subjects of common interest and mutual benefit.

2. To perform coordinated research and innovation actions on topics of common interest, involving the appropriate funding from both sides.

Scope: Proposals should address one of the two following domains, the first is opened in 2014 and the second domain is opened in 2015:

1. Set up platform of communication between EU and Japan including research and innovation stakeholders (industry, research establishments, and academia) and aviation research and innovation funding authorities to maintain a common research and innovation roadmap. This could include organisation of workshops and short term studies to identify preferred areas of common interest and win-win situations, barriers and solutions for improved cooperation in research and technology development, and recommendations for future actions. Proposals should demonstrate good knowledge of research mechanisms in the EU and Japan and take into account past and on-going cooperation initiatives.

2. The proposed research and innovation actions should address one of the following specific areas of common interest between Europe and Japan:

–Future passenger-friendly cabin architecture and systems. Societal trends in demographics (e.g. aging population) and in behaviour (e.g. use of personal electronic devices) call for aviation to adapt towards a tailored passenger-experience. By taking into account societal demands, cultural specificities and technology strengths from Europe and Japan, research work should aim at innovative human-centred cabin space architectures and advanced on-board systems to enhance accessibility, safety, comfort, connectivity and availability of new contents and services. Aspects such as efficient cabin installation / re-configuration, power and data distribution, communications and electro-magnetic radiation should be addressed accordingly.

–Lighter integrated heat exchanger systems. In order to decrease CO2emissions and fuel consumption, future configurations will demand increasing levels of heat management e.g. for oil, fuel and air. Current heat exchanger systems will not be sufficient and new technological advances are required to comply also with other challenges, such as reduced space, weight and cost. Research work should aim at further developing technologies, at better integrating the components and at advancing manufacturing capabilities to enable compact low-cost heat exchanger systems.

–Efficient composite structure manufacturing and monitoring. The increasing use of composite materials in aircraft calls for more efficient manufacturing processes in terms of resources, time and costs. In addition, the specific behaviour of composites in relation to high-temperature, lightning-strike, impact, etc. calls for better integrating structural health monitoring and protection mechanisms. Research work should aim at increased productivity, reliability and performance through new composite manufacturing and assembly processes for aircraft production.

–Smarter flight control technologies for enhanced safety. Safety is embedded in aircraft design and operations making air transport the safest transport mode. Nevertheless, pilot assistance in case of exceptionally degraded flight conditions has potential to further enhance safety. Research work should aim at smarter flight control technologies such as fault-tolerant / adaptive control, in-flight self-learning systems and haptic interfaces for pilot assistance, especially at emergency situations.

The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU between EUR 1.3 to EUR 1.8 million would allow each specific area to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of other proposals requesting other amounts.

Expected impact:

Regarding domain 1, the action will contribute to deepen and widen cooperation with Japan and maintain a common research and innovation roadmap. Actions could assess their impact by estimating the volume / funding of research and innovation actions which could be undertaken in cooperation between EU and Japan.

Regarding domain 2, actions will demonstrate their potential to mature the level of readiness of technologies and concepts, identify how the project results will be of mutual benefit and evaluate the leverage effect resulting from the coordinating research and innovation funding of EU and Japan.

Type of action: 1) 2014: Coordination and Support Actions; 2) 2015: Research and Innovation Actions.

International cooperation in aeronautics with Canada

Specific challenge: In order to leverage resources, mitigate risks and establish long term relationships, the European aeronautics sector should identify topics of common interest and mutual benefit with other regions of the world, in particular where these address societal challenges such as a worldwide safe and environmental-friendly air transport system, common standards (including for environmental aspects) and win-win situations for technological development. Aeronautics has inherently and increasingly an international dimension because almost all current aircraft programmes involve stakeholders from many different countries. Several areas of mutual interest with Canada have been identified through previous actions, such as the FP7 support actions CANNAPE (EU-Canada) and IFARs (multinational aviation research forum).

Scope: For the coming years, coordinated research and innovation actions with Canada, involving the appropriate funding from both sides, should address one of the following specific areas of common interest between Europe and Canada:

–Reducing environmental impact through advanced design of novel aircraft configurations. In order to decrease fuel consumption and the environmental footprint of aviation, the efficiency of future aircraft should be increased. Different aircraft configurations can be explored in comparison to the standard tube-and-wing concept. Research work should aim at new and enhanced methods in design to enable advanced and novel aircraft configurations with reduced overall emissions. Among others, novel multidisciplinary optimisation tools can be complemented with analytical and numerical research. Experiments on specific advanced technologies can be also included.

–Reducing noise through novel materials design and application on engines and/or airframes. For achieving noise reduction goals, a better understanding of the complex phenomena associated to the absorption of acoustic energy is needed together with advanced technologies to further reduce the noise from the airframe and the engines. Research work should aim at new designs and new application of materials with a potential of achieving next step reductions in airframe and/or engine noise, with the lowest negative impact on performance, weight and cost. Research can include proof-of-concept experiments to validate the understanding of noise reduction mechanisms.

–Resource-efficient high-performance advanced-materials product development and manufacturing. The increasing use of advanced materials in aircraft together with the demand for sustainable production requires new advanced technologies for the aeronautical industry. Research work should aim at more efficient product development and manufacturing in terms of use of resources, time and costs. Among others, research could include aspects related to green materials and processes and manufacturing automation.

–Reducing energy consumption through more electrical aircraft and systems integration. Electrically-driven systems are increasingly used in aviation, aiming at increasing propulsion efficiency and reducing environmental impact and costs. Research work should aim at development and optimised integration of electrical systems in future aircraft to minimise overall energy consumption. Among others, research could include aspects related to highly integrated systems, incl. health monitoring.

The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU between EUR 1.3 to 1.8 million would allow each specific area to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of other proposals requesting other amounts.

Expected impact: Actions will demonstrate their potential to mature the level of readiness of technologies and concepts, identify how the project results will be of mutual benefit and evaluate the leverage effect resulting from the coordinating research and innovation funding of EU and Canada.

Type of action: Research and Innovation Actions

Transport societal drivers

Specific challenge: A sound understanding of behavioural and societal factors –including economic, social, demographic, cultural and gender issues where relevant- that influence transport demand and supply is needed to ensure that, in shaping transport policies and research and innovation activities, the values, needs and expectations of the society are met.

Scope: A forum for communication, collaboration, relationship-building should develop multi-stakeholder interactions and produce an action plan for innovative solution/options for transport and mobility to advance the agenda of the transport sector and society at large. The work should be inclusive of the state of the art of ideas, trials and business endeavours on new mobility concepts.

Stakeholders from within and outside the sector should be involved, in particular: policy makers, civil society organisations, end-users, industry including suppliers (vehicles and components – all modes) and transport service providers, academia and research organisations. These actors, by being engaged in this collaborative and knowledge-mobilisation process, will learn to explore together the most appropriate and viable solutions.Links and synergies with transport-related European Technology Platforms (ETPs) and the on-going TRANSFORUM[1] project would add significant value.

The action plan should focus on:

· Understanding user needs, mobility choices, aspirations and behaviours.

· Assessing how new mobility concepts would contribute to the overall transport efficiency.

· Exploring implications for policies, regulations, standards, forms of governance.

· Analysing societal resistance to acceptance of emerging transport technologies and services.

· Exploring market opportunities alongside the innovation chain, including services.

· Foster consensus-building and public-engagement, thus facilitating the dissemination of good practices and the deployment of innovative transport and mobility solutions.

Dedicated outreach activities to foster awareness and engagement of transport users and of the young generations in particular should be undertaken, in order to enable the development of responsible and innovative attitudes as regards their mobility behaviour.

Proposals shall have a minimum duration of two years, with partners coming from at least 10 different countries and from the above-mentioned types of organisations. The maximum EU contribution cannot exceed EUR 3 million.

Expected impact: The setting up of this participatory framework is expected to:

· Ensure an inclusive approach in providing a comprehensive overview of new forms of mobility and transport, and their implications for users, the environment, society as a whole and policy makers.

· Enhance and better target transport policies and research and innovation priority setting.

· Address the mobility needs of specific groups and communities (accessibility; affordability, inclusiveness, safety, ageing population, etc.).

· Promote innovative/alternative business models and social innovation.

· Enhance corporate social and environmental responsibility.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Actions


[1] http://www.transforum-project.eu/

Fostering transnational cooperation in European transport research and innovation – NCP network

Specific challenge: Facilitate trans-national co-operation between NCPs within the Transport Challenge with a view to identifying and sharing good practices and raising the general standard of support to programme applicants, taking into account the diversity of actors that make up the constituency of the Transport Challenge.

Scope: Support will be given to a consortium of formally nominated NCPs in the area of Transport. The activities will be tailored according to the nature of the area, and the priorities of the NCPs concerned. Various mechanisms may be included, such as benchmarking, joint workshops, enhanced cross-border brokerage events, specific training linked to the Transport Challenge as well as to gender dimension of Research and Innovation, and twinning schemes. Special attention will be given to enhance the competence of NCPs, including helping less experienced NCPs rapidly acquire the know-how accumulated in other countries.

The focus throughout should be on issues specific to the Transport Challenge, and should not duplicate actions foreseen in the NCP network for quality standards and horizontal issues under ‘Science with and for Society’.

Only NCPs from EU Member States and Associated Countries which have been officially appointed by the relevant national authorities are eligible to participate in and receive funding for this action.

The consortium should have a good representation of experienced and less experienced NCPs.

Submission of a single proposal is encouraged. NCPs from EU Member States or Associated Countries choosing not to participate as a member of the consortium should be identified and the reason explained in the proposal. These NCPs are nevertheless invited and encouraged to participate in the project activities (e.g. workshops), and the costs incurred by the consortium for such participation (e.g. travel costs paid by the consortium) may be included in the estimated budget and be eligible for funding by the Commission.

The Commission will only fund one proposal under this topic.

Expected impact:

· An improved and professionalised NCP service across Europe, thereby helping simplify access to Horizon 2020 calls, lowering the entry barriers for newcomers, and raising the average quality of proposals submitted.

· A more consistent level of NCP support services across Europe.

Type of action: Coordination and Support Action

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